Use of BRICS and BRICO Summit by India for Its Political Motives
- India holds the current chair of BRICO
- The BRICS summit is scheduled to be held on 9th Sep 2021.
- India once again tried to use it against Pakistan
What is the meaning and the role of BRICS:
BRICS is an acronym that constitutes Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa and brings together four continents with five major emerging economies accounting for 42% of the world’s population. These five states have a combined nominal GDP (PPP) of around US$40,55 trillion (32% of the world’s GDP PPP), and an estimated US$4.46 trillion in combined foreign reserves. Bilateral relations among BRICS states are mainly based on non-interference, equality, and mutual benefit.
The BRICS forum encourages mutual commercial, political, and cultural cooperation
The Use of BRICS by India for Its Ulterior Motives
Prelude to the summit, meeting of BRICS Counter-Terrorism Working Group (CTWG) was held from 20-20 Jul 21 which discussed the Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTF), Meeting of National Security Advisors of BRICS countries was the second meeting held on 24 Aug 21 and agenda of the meeting included Counter-Terrorism Cooperation. Although the current situation in Afghanistan remained under discussion during the NSAs meet, however, India usually tried its best to drag Pakistan into the discussion without directly mentioning its name. India also remarked that Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Jalah-e-Mohammad (JeM) are enjoying “state support”.
In order to hide its internal vulnerabilities and embarrassment faced after the takeover of Afghanistan by the Taliban, India is once again using the “mantra” of “Cross Border Terrorism hinting Pakistan at the BRICS forum which is not meant to discuss such issues between the two states.
The continuous campaign to malign Pakistan:
IN NO WAY, BRICS is a forum where matters related to issues between two states like India and Pakistan (not a BRICS member) are to be on the forum. Historically, India has been using BRICS to target Pakistan. The setting of terrorism as agenda for the meet by India is a canny attempt to undermine Pakistan’s extensive and successful efforts against terrorism.
India is attempting to overshadow Pakistan’s counter-terrorism achievements especially prescription of LoT and JeM and collaboration with global and regional countries amid US withdrawal to bring peace to Afghanistan. India is also likely to use this forum to sabotage the indigenous Kashmir freedom movement by labeling the freedom fighter as “Pakistan sponsored Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTFs) during the upcoming BRICS Summit scheduled to be held on 9 Sep
India will try to convince the member states to tighten the monitoring and removal of material uploaded by Kashmiris on social media in the name of cyber security (use of social media by terrorists is already on the agenda of BRICS meeting for 2021 as set during CTWG meeting held on 26-29 Jul 21).
India is also likely to link the terror financing issue (which is on agenda) with the FATF and will try its utmost through “fake facts” to orchestrate a case to continue to keep Pakistan on the grey list.
Indian Attempts were started back in the 2016 BRICS Summit:
India’s Previous attempts to Use BRICS against Pakistan o During the 2016 BRICS Summit held in India, China said that Indian leaders were misleading BRICS members when Modi on the issue of terrorism mentioned that BRICS members “agreed that those who nurture, shelter, support, and sponsor such forces of violence and terror are as much a threat to us as the terrorists themselves.” Whereas the final communiqué did not mention such a consensus.
During 2016 BRICS, New Delhi put the BIMSTEC in tandem with the BRICS meeting. the wake of Indo-Pakistan tension at that time after Uri incident, India’s Inclusion BIMSTEC bore thicker geostrategic connotations as all the other regional countri were present except Pakistan; it in effect was an effort to consign Pakistan to be regional pariah.
The collapse of the SAARC summit presented India a rare opportunity to get rid of Islamabad and its impact on the regional group, as the same group would soon gather in India in the absence of Pakistan. Moreover, by bringing regional countries together with the major emerging economies of the BRICS, India breathed legitimacy and substance into an otherwise hallow and moribund acronym organization. While the rest of the BRICS members would never openly endorse either side in the Indo-Pakistan tension, India in a way tried to secure its stance vis-à-vis Pakistan by taking advantages of its agenda-setting powers for the summits. (Source: Global Times)
During 2017 BRICS held in China, India succeeded to raise the forum’s concerns over LeT and JeM along with few other organizations of the world. India hailed and projected this move as a big achievement. Indian media said naming the Pakistan based groups in the BRICS resolution was an important win for Modi’s administration which in the previous summit had called Pakistan the “mother ship of terrorism”. (Source: Rueters)
During 2020 virtual session of BRICS, Modi again repeated the rotten chant of blaming Pakistan for terrorism during the BRICS session. Modi in an indirect mention to Pakistan said, “terrorism is the biggest problem the world is facing today. We must ensure that the countries that support and assist terrorists are also blamed, and this problem must be tackled in an organized manner.”