Photoshop : A complete guide for beginners


A detailed guide for the beginners of Adobe Photoshop. How to get started with the program.

Adobe Photoshop is a deep and wide software. It is used by a major part of the marketing and advertising industry. Many freelancers use this program and actually make money. Which is the reason its so popular and highly grossing. So in this article, we will try to teach the basics and medium level tools of Photoshop.

Assuming that you have successfully installed the program, lets get into its basics. When you open Photoshop, it will look like the screenshot below :

Adobe Photoshop
First screen at opening Photoshop

So when you have installed and opened Adobe Photoshop, It is going to be like this. Your look might be slightly different depending on the version you’re using. The one that we are using, its Photoshop CC 2015 and we have made some adjustments to the overall colors.

Before we jump into the actual learning process, knowing about the basic keyboard shortcuts is really necessary as it saves a lot of your time and effort.

Photoshop shortcuts
Photoshop Keyboard shortcuts

How to know about the Photoshop keyboard shortcuts ?

Its really simple to know about the shortcuts in Photoshop, Simply click on Edit and select Keyboard Shortcuts from the list. You will see a dialog box as we have shown in the screenshot above. You can check the shortcuts about each and every command of Photoshop.

Important thing about shortcuts : 

You can’t memorize all of them so as you start using them more often, you won’t forget about them. Try to use the shortcuts as much as possible.

Done with the shortcuts part, lets jump into the real deal now. When the Photoshop is opened , you need to create a new file by pressing Ctrl+N. When you press this shortcut, you will see a dialog-box like we have shown below :

New file in Photoshop
Creating new file in Photoshop.

We have labeled the options with numbers so it will be easy to explain for us and comfortable to understand for you . Lets go through the options one by one .

Number one 

That is going to be the title of your file or graphic.

Number two 

That is the type of your document , you will be keeping it as “Clipboard” because its the standard type. You won’t need to change this option as a beginner.

Number three 

That is going to be the total width of your document or file. The option of height is also under it where you can set the height.

Number four 

We have selected “Pixels” for it but there will be “Inches” by default. You will have to click on it and select “Pixels” from the drop-down menu. If you’re creating the document for the purpose of online/soft use only, then choosing the pixels is the best option. But if you’re creating the document for print purposes, you may consider changing it to “Inches” or any other option.

Number five

This will be the resolution for your document.  The default value for this option is 72 but it can be changed according to the dimensions of the document. For example, you have made a document in high quality with 2000 height and 2000 width. The resolution for that kind of document can go like 200 to 300.

The resolution is the number of pixels per inch. So if you’re keeping it 300 , that will mean the document has 300 pixels per inch.

Number six

The color mode needs to be at RGB for beginner level users. RGB mode is the standard for using the document/graphic online. If you’re making the graphic for using it on the internet , RGB is the best option for it. But if that document needs to be printed out, you can click on RGB and change it to CMYK.

Number seven 

This is the option for choosing the background color for your document.

That’s pretty much it for the details on creating new document. Lets talk about the tools of Photoshop by going through each tool at the toolbar. That tools that we are not discussing in the details below, that aren’t necessary at beginner level.

Photoshop toolbar explained
Photoshop toolbar

Here is the explanation of each tool.

#1 Move Tool

When you have selected this tool , you can move the selected object by drag and drop.

#2 Marquee Tool

This tool is used to select a specific area of the photo or graphic. The selection can be used for many purposes .

#3 Lasso Tool 

This is also a selection tool but it provides the some different  kind of functionalities. If you right click on it, it will show you three options :

Lasso Tool , Polygonal Lasso Tool and Magnetic Lasso Tool.

The simple lasso tool will be used for making a selection by simple dragging and manually selecting the area.

The polygonal lasso tool will select the area in a straight line.

The magnetic lasso tool will automatically select the area when you move the cursor around an object.

#4 Quick Selection Tool and Magic Wand Tool.

Both of these tools are also used for the purpose of selection but in a different way. You can switch between these two by right clicking on its icon. These tools are used for making quick selections. The tool below number 4 is the most common tool which doesn’t any detailed explanation. Its cropping tool which is used to crop the files/images.

#5 Eyedropper Tool

This tool is used to pick a color from the image or file. For example, you want to use the exact green color as we have used in the image above, you will open the image in Photoshop, selected this tool and click on the green area of the graphic, that exact same color will be picked. Which you can use for your own design or text.

#6 Spot Healing Brush Tool 

You will be using this tool to remove something from any photo. For example, there is something extra on the photo that you don’t want to be shown, you will be able to remove it by simple using this tool on a drag-and-drop pattern.

#7 Brush Tool 

Brush is the most simple yet very creative tool in Photoshop. You can use it for simple color painting and it can be used for complicated digital paintings as well. The brush setting and possibilities can be explored by right click on the empty area while this tool is selected.

#8 Clone Stamp Tool 

Clone Stamp is another useful tool in Photoshop. It can be used for many purposes. It will remove something from photo, it can also clone a specific part of the photo to many parts of it. Using this tool might be tricky at beginner level.

How to use this tool?

Select this tool and click on the area by holding the Alt key. Now wherever you click on the photo, it will duplicate the area that you selected in your first click.

#9 Eraser tool

Eraser is one of the most commonly used tools of Photoshop. It is useful in many ways like removing something while painting, erasing a specific part of the object. The shortcut for this tool is E

#10 Gradient Tool

The gradient is useful in many ways. This option will have another useful tool if you right click on it and select the paint bucket tool .

Paint bucket is used for filling up the color in a specific area or whole background of the graphic. While Gradient is used to throw the colors in a smokey and stylish way. There are many styles already available in Photoshop which can be accessed by right-clicking on the blank space of the document.

#11 Blur Tool 

As shown in its name, this tool is used to blur a specific area or the whole photo. After you select this tool, you can blur your desired area by simply dragging the cursor as you do in the paintbrush. It will blur the image as you paint that area with this tool.

#12 Dodge and Burn Tool 

There are 2 tools under the same option and you can switch between them by right-clicking on the icon. Dodge tool will brighten up the area where you use it like paintbrush. Burn tool will darken the area of its painting .

These tools are used to improve the quality of photos and used by professional photographers as well.

Under this tool, there is another option which is called “Pen Tool”. That is also used to make selections and shapes. That is one of the deepest tools so we are not explaining it in beginner level.

#13 Text Tool 

This is the most used tool when it comes to graphics. You will be able to write the text on your photos or graphics when this tool is selected . The shortcut for this tool is T.

#14 Direct Selection Tool 

Direct selection tool is used to drag the selections that we make with pen tool.

#15 Rectangle Tool 

We use this tool to draw rectangles. If we right-click this option, we will be able to see many more options. These options will not be limited to rectangles only.

You will be able to draw rounded shapes and access many other shapes from the default library of Photoshop.

This library includes many signs and shapes that can be used in graphics.

#16 Zoom-in Tool 

When this tool is selected and we start clicking on the image, it starts zooming in on the image. The major purpose of this tool is to zoom-in the photos and images.

#17 Background and foreground color

The color on the upper side will be your background color and the color beneath will be your background color. Foreground color is the main active color while you’re using Photoshop.

For example, if you select the brush tool and start painting, it will paint in the foreground color.

If you select the paint bucket tool and drop the color, the foreground color will be there.

You can also check: How to write Urdu in this same Adobe Software – A complete guide 

Layers panel and Layers style

As we have discussed the toolbar, let’s have a look at layers panel and layer styles.

Layer style
Layer panel and layer styles in Photoshop

We will discuss the layers panel first. This is the area of the bottom right corner of the program. Whatever the object or image you place into the document, it appears as a layer in this panel. Many adjustments that we make to the layers, they take place in this same layers panel.

Many actions take place by making a copy of the layer, selecting the layer or making a copy of it.

Layers Style: 

Layers style box will be opened when you double-click on the specific layer. This box is really important to understand and work on. As all of the styling to your text and objects will be made in this box. You can try all of the options by selecting them from the list at the left side of the box.

Clicking on Styles will bring up some of the ready-made styles by Photoshop.

Bevels and Emboss and the two options beneath it, Contour and Texture. All of them are used to five a stylish look to your text or object. You can try them by tweaking every number of them.

Stroke is used to give an outline to the text or object. You can choose the thickness and color of the stroke.

Rest of the layer styles can also be tried on different layers, texts, and objects.


Let us know if you found it helpful. You can always ask us manually if you need any further help. Send a message at [email protected]


Facebook Comments


Leave A Reply